Levels Of Service
- Basic Life Support (BLS) provides direct observation, frequent monitoring of vital signs, and reassessment of patients who may need treatments such as oxygen, splinting, wound dressings, glucose monitoring, and pulse oximetry. A BLS ambulance is staffed with a minimum of one Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) and one Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) who can provide care for the patient, but may have any configuration of EMR, EMT, AEMT, and Paramedic.
- Advanced Life Support (ALS) provides direct observation and in-depth assessments for both adult and pediatric patients who may need advanced drug therapy, cardiac monitoring, and advanced airway management including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP and BiPAP) or intubation. An ALS ambulance provides a Paramedic for patient care and is staffed with an additional EMR, EMT, AEMT, or Paramedic.
- Critical Care Transport (CCT) is an interfacility patient transfer from sending facility to definitive care that is staffed with specially trained Critical Care Paramedics. These transports generally have two crew members, but may also have an additional Paramedic or EMT depending on the acuity of the patient. In addition to standard ALS level care, treatments may also include medication infusions, blood transfusion, and ventilators for critically ill or injured patients.